what is montana known for

EXECUTIVE MANSION, [15] The Rocky Mountain Front is a significant feature in the state's north-central portion,[16] and isolated island ranges that interrupt the prairie landscape common in the central and eastern parts of the state. The court hears cases arising under the Montana Workers' Compensation Act, and is the court of original jurisdiction for reviews of orders and regulations issued by the Montana Department of Labor and Industry. The transcontinental GNR was completed on January 6, 1893, at Scenic, Washington.[141]. [127] While the treaty established what later became the Flathead Indian Reservation, trouble with interpreters and confusion over the terms of the treaty led Whites to believe the Bitterroot Valley was opened to settlement, but the tribal nations disputed those provisions. [119] The trading post Fort Raymond (1807–1811) was constructed in Crow Indian country in 1807. What it means in Montana: A popular Montana Brewery in Billings famous for beers like the Anger Management and the Head Trauma IPA. [63] The Kootenai River in northwest Montana is another major tributary of the Columbia. The U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation administers approximately 300,000 acres (1,200 km2) of land and water surface in the state. [149], In the early 1900s, James J. Hill of the Great Northern began to promote settlement in the Montana prairie to fill his trains with settlers and goods. Painter and sculptor Charles Marion Russell, known as "the cowboy artist", created more than 2,000 paintings of cowboys, Native Americans, and landscapes set in the Western United States and in Alberta, Canada. Montana is known as the headwaters state because much of the water which flows to the rest of the nation comes from the mountains of Montana. [29] North of these ranges are the Big Belt Mountains, Bridger Mountains, Tobacco Roots, and several island ranges, including the Crazy Mountains and Little Belt Mountains.[30]. Its decisions may be appealed directly to the U.S. Supreme Court. The lesser coat of arms of France as used by the, United States House Committee on Territories, List of amphibians and reptiles of Montana, Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, Early Indian treaty territories in Montana, List of military installations in Montana, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Treasure State Academic Information & Library Services, Gallatin College Montana State University, City College at Montana State University Billings, Great Falls College Montana State University, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Bobcat Stadium (Montana State University), Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United States congressional delegations from Montana, city courts, justice courts, and municipal courts, American Tradition Partnership, Inc. v. Bullock, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, United States District Court for the District of Montana, United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Montana, "United States Summary: 2010, Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing", "Montana tourist numbers down, spending up, report says", Canadian Council for Geographic Education 2013, Geographical Dictionary Of The World 1900, Waterbody Report-Clarks Fork Yellowstone River 2013, "Montana's wolf population remains strong", Montana Office of Public Instruction 2010, "U.S. Navy submarine will be named U.S.S. Missoula / m ɪ ˈ z uː l ə / is a city in the U.S. state of Montana; it is the county seat of Missoula County.It is located along the Clark Fork River near its confluence with the Bitterroot and Blackfoot Rivers in western Montana and at the convergence of five mountain ranges, thus it is often described as the "hub of five valleys". The Montana Water Court was established by the Montana Water Court Act of 1979. [193], As of 2009, almost two-thirds of Native Americans in the state live in urban areas. [302] Also notable is Representative (later Senator) Thomas H. Carter, the first Catholic to serve as chairman of the Republican National Committee (from 1892 to 1896).[303]. The watersheds divide at Triple Divide Peak in Glacier National Park. [103] Winter cold spells are usually the result of cold continental air coming south from Canada. Montana has only one representative in the U.S. House, having lost its second district in the 1990 census reapportionment. On the eastern (leeward) side of a mountain range, the valleys are much drier; Lonepine averages 11.45 inches (291 mm), and Deer Lodge 11.00 inches (279 mm) of precipitation. [273] In 2013, AARP The Magazine named the Billings Clinic one of the safest hospitals in the United States. Click, You can unsubscribe at any time, for more info read our. Montana", University of Montana, Bureau of Business and Economic Research 2011, "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Population of Montana: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts", Census Bureau-Annual Estimates of Race 2012, Montana Office of Public Instruction 2009, "The Association of Religion Data Archives—Maps & Reports", "Montana Constitution, Article X, section 1", "Montana Schools Try to Keep Indian Students Engaged by Teaching Indian Culture to All", "National Vital Statistics Reports Volumne 64, Number 1, January 15, 2015", "National Vital Statistics Reports, Volume 64, Number 12, December 23, 2015 (The general fertility rate for 2014 on page 4 was corrected to read 62.9 on December 23, 2015. Three issues which the constitutional convention were unable to resolve were submitted to voters simultaneously with the proposed constitution. [219] Significant industries exist for lumber and mineral extraction; the state's resources include gold, coal, silver, talc, and vermiculite. Montana's motto, Oro y Plata, Spanish for "Gold and Silver", recognizing the significant role of mining, was first adopted in 1865, when Montana was still a territory. Don’t chalk it up to aging. He gave some speeches with inflammatory antiwar rhetoric. [159] Then, the droughts of 1917–1921 proved devastating. [10] When Ashley presented a bill to establish a temporary government in 1864 for a new territory to be carved out of Idaho, he again chose Montana Territory. [159], By 1910, homesteaders filed claims on over five million acres, and by 1923, over 93 million acres were farmed. The Anaconda Mining Company got so big, in fact, that by the late 1920’s it was the fourth largest company in the world – and by far the largest company in Montana. [297], The 1972 constitution requires that voters determine every 20 years whether to hold a new constitutional convention. [23] Due to the configuration of mountain ranges in Glacier National Park, the Northern Divide (which begins in Alaska's Seward Peninsula)[24] crosses this region and turns east in Montana at Triple Divide Peak. This article in a Butte newspaper celebrates "the blessings of true citizenship". About 2000–3000 Chinese miners were in the mining areas of Montana by 1870, and 2500 in 1890. Maybe your knees give you trouble. Montana State University Billings and Rocky Mountain College both have campuses in Billings along with many other Billings public schools. [45] Known as laccoliths, they formed when igneous rock protruded through cracks in the sedimentary rock. The historically mining-oriented communities of western Montana such as Butte have a wider range of European-American ethnicity; Finns, Eastern Europeans and especially Irish settlers left an indelible mark on the area, as well as people originally from British mining regions such as Cornwall, Devon, and Wales. For political reasons, Congress did not approve Montana statehood until February 1889 and President Grover Cleveland signed an omnibus bill granting statehood to Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Washington once the appropriate state constitutions were crafted. Railroads have been an important method of transportation in Montana since the 1880s. In May 2006, then-Governor Brian Schweitzer posthumously issued full pardons for all those convicted of violating the Montana Sedition Act. North of Missoula is the largest population of nesting common loons in the western United States. [75] Through the Missouri, these rivers ultimately join the Mississippi River and flow into the Gulf of Mexico.[76]. Among Montana's most historically prominent senators are Thomas J. Walsh (serving from 1913 to 1933), who was President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt's choice for attorney general when he died; Burton K. Wheeler (serving from 1923 to 1947), an oft-mentioned presidential candidate and strong supporter of isolationism; Mike Mansfield, the longest-serving Senate majority leader in U.S. history; Max Baucus (served 1978 to 2014), longest-serving U.S. senator in Montana history, and the senator who shepherded the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act through the Senate in 2010; and Lee Metcalf (served 1961 to 1978), a pioneer of the environmental movement. [185], While the largest European-American population in Montana overall is German, pockets of significant Scandinavian ancestry are prevalent in some of the farming-dominated northern and eastern prairie regions, parallel to nearby regions of North Dakota and Minnesota. Good food reveals a lot about any destination and nowhere is that more true than good ol’ Montana. However, the 1889 Montana constitution significantly restricted the power of state government, the legislature was much more powerful than the executive branch, and the jurisdiction of the District Courts very specifically described. [7], The name Montana comes from the Spanish word montaña, which in turn comes from the Latin word montanea, meaning "mountain" or more broadly "mountainous country". As you get older, you might not be able to do the things you used to. To learn more, A new media brand for people who are redefining what it means to grow older and are looking forward to what’s next. The U.S. Constitution provides each state with two senators. At least 1500 Montanans died in the war. Eastern Montana comprises plains and badlands, broken by hills and isolated mountain ranges, and has a semiarid, continental climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). [146], The Homestead Act of 1862 provided free land to settlers who could claim and "prove-up" 160 acres (0.65 km2) of federal land in the Midwest and western United States. [235] James Willard Schultz ("Apikuni") from Browning is most noted for his prolific stories about Blackfeet life and his contributions to the naming of prominent features in Glacier National Park.[236]. [278] As of August 2013, there are 527 FCC-licensed FM radio stations broadcast in Montana, with 114 such AM stations. The dish is viewed as a traditional cowboy fare and is featured at festivals in the Northern Rockies town of Clinton and in Virginia City, Mont. Routes 87, 89, 93 and 191. The Montana Legislature is bicameral, and consists of the 50-member Montana Senate and the 100-member Montana House of Representatives. These dealings were not always peaceful, and though the fur trade brought some material gain for indigenous tribal groups, it also brought exposure to European diseases and altered their economic and cultural traditions. In this school students were charged $1.75 per week. Gold output from 1862 through 1876 reached $144 million; silver then became even more important. District Courts have jurisdiction primarily over most civil cases, cases involving a monetary claim against the state, felony criminal cases, probate, and cases at law and in equity. [308] Montana's population grew at about the national average during the 2000s, but it failed to regain its second seat in 2010. From Flathead cherries to nutritious pulse crops and bountiful local produce, you can find any number of locally … The legislature meets in the Montana State Capitol in Helena in odd-numbered years for 90 days, beginning the first weekday of the year. [274], Montana is ranked as the least obese state in the U.S., at 19.6%, according to the 2014 Gallup Poll. Other major north–south highways include U.S. [145] In the 1880s, Helena (the state capital) had more millionaires per capita than any other United States city. Current law allows both hunters and trappers specified numbers ("limits") of wolves and mountain lions. [126] In 1869 and 1870 respectively, the Cook–Folsom–Peterson and the Washburn–Langford–Doane Expeditions were launched from Helena into the Upper Yellowstone region and directly led to the creation of Yellowstone National Park in 1872. Montana Moss Agate: Perhaps the most widely known agate variety from Montana is "Montana Moss." [174] Montana also was the training ground for the First Special Service Force or "Devil's Brigade", a joint U.S-Canadian commando-style force that trained at Fort William Henry Harrison for experience in mountainous and winter conditions before deployment. [108][112] According to a study done for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency by the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Science, parts of Montana will experience a 200% increase in area burned by wildfires, and an 80% increase in related air pollution.[114][115]. [306] The state last supported a Democrat for president in 1992, when Bill Clinton won a plurality victory. [324][325] When broadcaster Norma Ashby discovered there was no state fish, she initiated a drive via her television show, Today in Montana, and an informal citizen's election to select a state fish resulted in a win for the blackspotted cutthroat trout[326] after hot competition from the Arctic grayling. Montana and South Dakota are the only states to share a land border which is not traversed by a paved road.

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